People with co-occurring disorders often face serious legal problems and incarceration as well.
The reason why some individual becomes addicted to certain substances is because of the developed tolerance. When people ingest a substance to receive pleasure, a lot of dopamine is released. Dopamine is a chemical in human brain associated with the pleasure seeking behavior, so excess dopamine release means excess pleasure.
When a person continues to use larger doses of a drug, the brain becomes used to the large amount dopamine supply and thus the desired effect is not received by the same quantity of the same drug. In order to receive the similar level of gratification the individual needs to consume more amount than before. So in people with bipolar disorder there is no stopping once they have started until they receive proper treatment.
The individuals with the dual diagnosis of Bipolar Disorder and substance abuse have a much worse clinical course in comparison to those mood disorders which operate alone. Such patients, with a dual diagnosis and alcohol dependence, recover slowly than others that are without it. The co-occurrence of Bipolar Disorder and drug and addiction together can make the treatment a lot more difficult than just treating either one of them.
There is still a lot of area left to be explored regarding the effective treatment of dual diagnosis but still many effective and major treatment approaches can be found. Latest advancement in the field of pharmacotherapy for mood disorders have been proved beneficial for people with dual diagnosis as they have less side effects and toxicity. Recent studies have put major emphasis on specific therapeutic techniques as a treatment option for individuals with dual diagnosis which have been found optimal.Treating Bipolar Disorder can help reduce drug and alcohol cravings.
There are numerous medications that can help in detoxification or manage cravings of drugs and alcohol. Similarly there are several other drugs that help subside and manage the symptoms of bipolar disorder. A healthy combination of both types of medications can be useful in the treatment of dual diagnosis. Alongside with medication, some psychotherapeutic techniques have also been found useful for such patients.
Group and individuals therapies, family therapies and some other interventions such as Cognitive Behavior Therapy can be very effective to treat individuals with co-occurring disorders. Psychotherapies can also help with the behavioral issues faced by such patients and help them manage their lives and change their conduct. Such therapies can also aid in maintaining healthy relations with their family, friends and colleagues.