THE SYMPTOMS OF HANGOVER
Hangover is generally described as a malaise with a variety of symptoms that are severe enough to make somebody dysfunctional. The impairment in functioning begins when blood alcohol level drops considerably and reaches a peak when there is almost no alcohol in the blood. This means hangover is not because of alcohol. It’s rather the absence of alcohol, and presence of poisonous substance in the blood, which plays havoc with mental well-being. Want to know more about the culprit? Keep reading.
The annoying hangover symptoms don't last more than 36 hours. The hangover symptoms fall into many categories. There is tremendous thirst, fatigue, depression and distress. People also commonly report symptoms, such as muscle pains or cramps, and headaches.The most unpleasant and inconvenient symptoms include nausea, vomiting and loss of appetite. Pain in the stomach is very debilitating. Hangovers are often accompanied by increased blood pressure, rapid heart rate, tremors and perspiration. People who are prone to panic attacks are also vulnerable to increased anxiety. Hangover also produces dizziness and a hyper-sensitivity to sound and light. Since erratic alcohol metabolism also affects sleep adversely, it also affects attention, concentration and short-term memory. It creates a deficit in skills.
THE CAUSES OF HANGOVER
Hangover is becoming a more popular research topic. Goal is to examine the role of genetics in it and exploring risk factors that aggravate symptoms. It is now possible to determine the causes of alcohol hangover quite precisely. There are two main categories of the causes of alcohol hangover: indirect and direct. Indirect causes include dehydration, low blood sugar and poor quality of sleep. The direct cause is mainly attributed to the production of acetaldehyde, a toxin that refers to the term “intoxication”.
Excessive drinking assaults all the organs in the whole body; and the tissues under attack defend themselves and get hurt in the process. This rear guard action leads to dehydration and low blood sugar. Shortage of water and sugar in the blood also explains the discomfort of a hangover.
Obviously, the tremendous thirst,aching muscles and throbbing headaches are the result of dehydration. When the body is dehydrated, it draws water from anywhere in the body, including muscles and brain.As a consequence of that, the brain and the coverings around it shrink a little. The shrinking of these protective coverings is what causes the headaches. Dehydration also results in a substantial loss of essential salts, which can explain the cramps and unbearable pains in the muscles.