A longitudinal research discovered that personality traits of a child under 12 years can predict predisposition to alcohol abuse in later years. More extroverted people, novelty seekers, less responsible and impulsive people are more exposed to alcohol abuse.
Study was conducted with a sample of about 500 children. Researchers explained that personality traits are neither good nor bad. It depends on their combinations. Personality traits allow us to foresee many different areas.
It implies that if we can detect the personality problems that lead to alcohol consumption than we can design innovative treatment plans to manage greater risk situations. The research also includes psychological, social and biological dimensions of participants.
Personality characteristics, such as low responsibility, impulsivity and novelty seeking in both cases are related to alcohol consumption They also explained that personality has a hereditary component. In a personality formation genetics plays 50% role. These investigations deduce that there are genes associated with both alcoholism and personality characteristics which are linked to alcohol consumption.
A gene linked to dopamine transmission associated with a greater possibility of being a novelty seeker (uninhibited personality) and also of suffering some type of alcohol disorders. Thus, the link between personality and alcohol consumption also has a biological basis, not only environmental and learning variables.
This is a scientific breakthrough that will allow developing more effective programs and prevention campaigns because it takes into account the psychological characteristics of the most vulnerable people.
By Ammara Hashmi