Attention without tension is needed in order to learn and remember things effectively. According to law of mass effect the amount we remember is strongly correlated with the amount of time we spend learning. Just as with studying, we cannot expect to learn and remember things unless we put in time.
The amount we remember is also affected by our mood and in particular by our level of anxiety. If our mind is full of worries, it is very difficult to learn and remember. In order to learn most effectively and remember things easily, we need to be able to concentrate without being anxious.
Four aspects of organization can help us to improve our memory. These aspects are Chunking, Using Cues, Relating and Crating Sense.
Chunking: – In order to remember a great deal of information, it is best to break it into small chunks of about seven items. We use chunking on daily bases, for example doing shopping. Suppose that you have fifty items to buy. We classified the items into smaller chunks by the type of shop or section of departmental store.
Using Cues: – The shopping also demonstrates the value of using cues. We look around at store, at different kinds of fruit or other things. Using them as a cue to remind us what we want to buy. We can provide internal cues for ourselves also. If we know that we want three things for packed lunches and we have only bought two, we most should be three things serves as a cue.
Relating:- By relating we can structure the material to be learned in a way that will make it easier to remember that the French word for cheese is like the English word, but not like the Spanish one. Relate new bits of information to other things you already know, or to each other. What you already know can be use learn, we are setting up an exciting learning spiral which will increase more and more rapidly.
Creating Sense:- It is much easier to learn and remember something that is meaningful than it is to learn something that makes little sense to you meaning can be given in many way, like by relating what is to be learned to our previous experience and knowledge. It is also done by understanding the relationship between the different elements of what we are learning.
Unlike a computer, we rarely remember something we have learned just once. We tend to forget what we have just learned unless we rehearse and use the material or revise our learning.
Flowing Graph Shows Our Tendency To Forget.
It turns out that the most efficient revision strategy is to revise very soon after the original learning and then to space out additional revision periods further and further apart.
This applies whether you are a student or whether a professional if you recite to yourself something you want to remember, you have to revise it and rehearse the information couple of times in order to lock it in your memory.
Following are the general strategies for improving our memory.
The more we make use of information, the more readily available it becomes: – If you are finding it hard to remember something you normally remember well, think of things associated with it. Imagine you have a many things to do at work, and the same time is trying to plan a speech for the next day. If you give yourself some of main headings or topics for your speech each on, you will prime the right categories in your mind, which may almost literally continue ticking. This works even better if you write down the title for the talk and note down briefly any ideas that came to you whenever you can.
Give your mind space to work in: – Suppose you are focusing on a major project, whether it is working out how to decorate the kitchen or how to put together an entirely new sales policy. Firstly, immense yourself in the project totally so that your mind can set to work on it, and then focus on particular aspects of it, but remember the closer you get, the harder it is to see the whole picture. In order to make most of your memory, you need to give your mind space to work in give yourself both focused work on a project and time away from it.
It is easier to recognize things than to recall them: – Although our memories seem to have an almost unlimited capacity, there is a bottleneck on the way in. so when you are in a confusing situation, tell yourself what to forget. You will remember best those things you pay attention to but if everything grabs your attention, your memory will be overloaded.
In net shell, for your memory to work well, you need to be able to forget things as well as remember them. The art of remembering well lied first in selecting what it is that you need to remember for your purpose, and then deciding what needs to be in your head or what can more usefully be stored in an external memory.