Stress is a feeling of being overloaded with anything that poses a challenge to oneself.
In other words science defines stress as any physical, chemical or emotional factor that contributes to bodily or mental turbulence that could become one of the factors in causing a disease.
Stress connection with Diabetes
When the person is under stress his/her body needs to work overtime to cope with the apparent threat. Stress hormones raise blood sugar level, so when one is under stress body pumps out stress hormones (cortisol) to protect from danger. It also needs high energy and concentration which will than send the glucose stored into the blood to make energy immediately available to muscles.
Stress also contribute to insulin resistance that becomes worse when you have diabetes because the stress hormones make it difficult for pancreas to secrete the insulin that needed to more glucose out of blood, that’s why body cannot produce or utilizes the insulin properly which leads to high blood glucose level in stressful situations.
Types of Stress:
- Physical Environment (noise ,bright light , heat)
- Social Interaction(rudeness, bossiness, aggressive, bullying)
- Organizational Issues(rules, regulations, deadlines)
- Major life events(birth, death, lost jobs, promotion, marital status)
- Daily hassles(communication problems)
- Life Style Choices(drugs ,sleep problems, overload schedules)
- Negative Self Talk(negative thinking, self-criticism ,over analyzing)
- Mind Traps(unrealistic expectation, taking things personally, black and white thinking, exaggeration, rigid thinking)
- Personality Traits (perfectionism, workaholics)
Symptoms of Stress:
- Physical (Sweating, tingling, restlessness, breathlessness, aches and pain, infections and indigestions, palpitations, missed heartbeat, fatigue, headaches).
- Psychological(Poor concentration, memory laps, disorientation and difficulty in making decisions)
- Behavioral (Nail biting, restlessness, increased smoking, eating problems).
- Emotional (Depression, low tolerance, tearfulness and poor hygiene).