Addiction is a state that results when a person consumes a substance (e.g., alcohol, cocaine, nicotine) to get pleasure. Drug addiction includes increasing loss of control over quantity and frequency of drug, growing tolerance and dependency, and bio psycho-social damage.

Here are some catastrophic health effects of drug abuse such as skin lesions, decayed or missing teeth. The use of opioids like Oxy-Contin or heroin can cause flushing and a widespread rash of red bumps on the skin, while cocaine abuse can result in significantly decreased appetite and weight loss.


sagirMuhammad Saghir has done Msc in applied psychology. Currently he is doing M.phil in clinical psychology from international Islamic University Islamabad. He has keen interest in research hence he has conducted a research on depression and subsyndromal depression.

Editor: Talal Zubair


Ecstasy may link with damage of teeth and dental erosion and smoking cannabis releases chemicals that can produce premature aging and reduce protein in connective tissues of skin over time. Whoever long term alcohol abuse has strong effects on alcoholics’ appearance. It’s true that drugs have severe effects on addicts but the development of addiction itself is life threatening.  The persistent compulsion to get high makes drug use the driving force in the life of an addict. They search for their drugs at any cost, with all else becoming secondary in importance. Self-neglect becomes normal for continuing to use drugs. In fact consequences of addiction can remain carved in their skin for years.The-Many-Faces-of-Addiction-2

Researcher also investigated that permanent stress can lead negative changes in behavior and physiology of individual. These changes include smoking, drug abuse and variations in sympathetic activation as well. It can make an individual more susceptible to physical illnesses such as flue, stress also triggers by different stressful events such as job changes that can result in insomnia, impaired sleep and health problems. Codependency is another phenomenon that involves impaired families who are dependent or ill over the behaviors of addict or sick person. Definition of codependency varies but can be generally defined as a subclinical and situational or episodic behavior similar to that of dependent personality disorder. Codependency involves those people whose behaviors and thoughts are reliant on the patient or on process of disease. In its brief definition, codependency involves a person who is psychologically or physically addicted to heroin and the codependent is psychologically dependent on that behavior. Codependent relationships are dysfunctional relationship characterized by helping or enabling another person’s addiction, poor mental health or immaturity. Codependency can be differ from normal caring behavior or feelings just because of its excessive and unhealthy degree.

Please write your comments here:-

Comments