Prevention is better than cure
The field of forensic psychology plays an important role in crime prevention as well. Professionals in this field participate in the rehabilitation of criminals, to help ensure that they become obedient to the laws of society. Research in this field can also help to identify the certain types of people who probably vulnerable to commit crimes before they actually do.
A master’s degree with the major in forensic psychology or criminology is the basic requirement. But the international standard for forensic psychologist is that he/she must have PhD or PsyD degree and certified/licensed from the state’s concerned authority.
Forensic psychologists are often able to find employment in law enforcement agencies (Police, FIA, NAB, Universities, and courthouses. Prisons, jails, and adolescent/young detention centers also hire forensic psychologists. An individual in this field might also have opportunities to be self-employed. He/she may work as consultant, or choose to receive recompense for testifying as expert witnesses.
Interestingly, few psychologists get jobs in such positions, there is indication that employment in the field would increase. But the high rank positions in the legal system are not usually open to psychologists.
A forensic psychologist should strive for the following skills:
- Good communication and listening skills
- The abilities to establish a relationship with the offender community
- Systematic approach to work
- Team working and leadership skills
- Motivation and commitment
- Decision making
- problem-solving skills
- Research skills and the ability to analyze statistical information
- High level of security awareness and self-awareness
- Non-discriminatory/non-judgmental approach
- Resilience and the capacity to deal with personal risk