Crime is one of the major problems in our country. It is the social tragedy that many criminals are released not only because of the lack of evidence but the misinterpretation of the facts. One big reason behind this is that our police and investigation authorities do not know much (mostly less) about the criminology and the advanced psychological methods to investigate and analyze a criminal case in various perspectives.
Muhammad Talha Khalid has been working as a Clinical Psychologist at Willingways since Feb, 2016. His education is M.S Clinical Psychology from International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan. He did his M.Sc. Psychology from University of Sargodha with 3rd position in the university. He has successfully done two individually based projects which are, Non-Formal education program (Punjab Literacy Movement Project) for Clients of Substance Use & Manipulation of “Token Economy” system for “Behavior Modification” in Mian Afzal Trust Hospital, Gujranwala (Modifiable in the clinical setting and/or organization/institutes according to desired behavior/s).
Editor: Samreen Masaud
It has not been the case in Pakistan only but worldly. Therefore, forensic psychology came into origin. The word forensic is defined as the scientific and systematic method for investigation of a crime. Forensic psychology is commonly described as the integration of law and psychology. Researches and debates started to emphasize the importance and need to work on it. William Marston (American psychologist and lawyer) found a correlation between blood pressure and lying in 1922. Those findings would later become the basis for the polygraph machine, or lie detector test. Later in 1923, he testified in Frye v. United States, it was a court case that set the last case for allowing expert testimony during a court case. Forensic psychology is a relatively new field within psychology, and it is going through the developmental phases. But during last 20 years forensic has grown well.
The textbook authors define forensic psychology in different styles, some of which are in broad perspective and some covers narrow. The APA (American Psychological Association) defined forensic psychology as “the applications of clinical specialties to the legal arena”. It is a very comprehensive definition and describes the application of clinical psychology to the forensic setting or legal setting.
Advanced Scientific and Theoretical Knowledge relevant to the Specialty
Specialized knowledge for the practice of forensic psychology is required in the following areas.
It includes diagnosis, psychological testing, treatment, prediction and intervention measurement and ethics.
It includes response style, forensic ethics, tools and techniques for assessing symptoms.
It includes knowledge of law and the legal system, knowledge of where and how to get relevant legal information.