Subsyndromal depression includes those patients having more than two symptoms of depression that does not satisfy major depression diagnostic criteria. Hence in researches conducted by Judd, Rapaport, Paulus and other they reported that in subsyndromal symptomatic depression, two or more than two symptoms of depression same as in major depression should be present but excluding the symptoms of depressed mood or anhedonia. Furthermore Pincus, Davis, and McQueen also investigated that the depressive symptoms that do not meet the criteria for major depression, minor depression, dysthymia with respect to duration, frequency, intensity or according to the type of symptoms present is classified as subthreshold depression (Nation, Katzen, Papapetropoulos, Scanlon, & Levin, 2009).

Muhammad-Saghir-1Muhammad Saghir has done Msc in applied psychology. Currently he is doing M.phil in clinical psychology from international Islamic University Islamabad. He has keen interest in research hence he has conducted a research on depression and subsyndromal depression.

Editor: Hameeda Batool

According to Judd, Akiskal and colleagues, the prevalence of major depression and subsyndromal symptomatic depression is high then all other mood disorders. Prevalence of subsyndromal symptomatic depression in general population is 3.9% as compared to minor depression which is 1.5% and 2.3% for major depression in one month point prevalence.


Accordance to cognitive theorists origin and maintenance of depression depends on the ways in which people think and see themselves and the world around them. According to Beck, Rush, Shaw, Emery, and Young distorted cognitive content relates the development of depression to holding negatively biased, self-defeating or disordered thinking patterns which is known as cognitive triad of depression. Distorted cognition is based on negative beliefs about oneself (I am worthless), the environment or about the world (school is awful or a prison) and about the future (nothing will be changed as a good for me).  Hence the people with negative way of thinking at the higher risk of becoming depressed in stressful or disappointing situations (Nevid, Rathus, & Greene).