An insider's guide to getting in the zone.

We're all capable of getting in the zone: Writing, running, playing music, even video gaming can sometimes bring on the blissful state of total mental absorption.

The key to letting self-consciousness go and achieving flow is pairing your skill level with just enough difficulty. Here's what happens in our bodies when complete concentrationgrips our minds.

Katherine SchreiberKatherine Schreiber is a recovering exercise addict and writer. Her work has been published in Psychology Today, where she previously worked as an editor, TIME Healthland, Weight Watchers Magazine, on, and on She has also appeared on ABC Nightline. Katherine currently lives with her fiancé in New York City, is pursuing her Masters of Fine Arts in Creative Nonfiction at Sarah Lawrence College, and is working on her second book about female sexuality

Editor: Talha Khalid


During intense concentration, blood flow is diverted to brain regions that process relevant, rather than random, sounds, says Jyoti Mishra, an attention researcher at the University of California, San Francisco. That's why we can tune out ticking clocks, passing cars, and even hearing our own name. Call it aural fixation.


When you're gunning toward a goal and engrossed in obtaining a reward, primal needs like hunger don't easily enter awareness, explains Michael Esterman, cofounder of Boston University's Attention and Learning Lab.


Plunging into a pursuit of your choice dials down pain perception so that aches and exhaustion "have no chance to register in consciousness," explains the father of flow, Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi.


Zeroing in on a task, explains Aachen University neuroscientist Martin Klasen, recruits your intraparietal sulcus, a brain region that helps center your sights on input relevant to the present challenge. The upshot: You can focus on tracking down a virtual enemy in Black Ops instead of looking at the lights flashing on your Xbox.


Flow's signature effortlessness involves a calm kind of concentration that deepens your breathing, says Fredrik Ullen, a cognitive neuroscientist at the Karolinska Institute. Your lungs let in more oxygen and expel more cellular waste, liberating you from lethargy.



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