A neurodevelopment disorder formally named as Dyslexia is characterized by ones inability to comprehend reading material which is not associated generally by the language deficit, intelligence and difficulty in sensory modalities. It is also affect person’s writing, spelling and sometime speaking. It is the deficiency in linguistic processing that contributes to begin difficulty in comprehension of written expression, but usually people think that this problem instigate due to the low level of sensory processing. According to U.S. Department of Education, around 2 million students belong to the ages of 3 to 21 have problem of learning disabilities and most of them have difficulty in reading. In definition, dyslexia is known to have disability in reading. Male gender has more vulnerability in comparison with females to develop dyslexia, because more boys than girls come to the clinics for the treatment of dyslexia. Other neurodevelopment disorder like Attention Deficit Hyper Activity Disorder (ADHD) demonstrate higher rate of co-morbidity with dyslexia and other learning disorder.

Afreen-Muhammad-NaseemMiss Afreen Naseem completed M.Phil from Institute of Clinical Psychology. After completion of study she worked at Pakistan Institute of Learning and Living as a Research Assistant/Clinical Psychologist. Her skills are in the domain of Psychotherapy Psychological and IQ assessment, Interview and History Taking, skilled in Cognitive Behavioral therapy, Rational Emotive Behavioral therapy and Family therapy.She had an internship experience in Karachi Psychiatric Hospital and PNS Shifa Hospital as an Internee Clinical Psychologist.

Editor: Mr. Wakeel Murad

Dyslexic children having difficulty in processing information when they look any word written on book or board. Individual feels problem in connecting sound of specific letters or misinterpret the sound of letters when joint to create a word. Their basic skills such as writing, spelling speaking and math also get affected because of dyslexia.


Warning signs of developing Dyslexia in Children

The impairment relay on mild to severe category when anyone suffers from dyslexia.  Symptoms of dyslexia may vary from one individual to another, it does not necessary to have similar signs like other person. Some common signs and symptoms of dyslexia are as mention below.

  • Difficulty in speaking fluently
  • Problem in pronouncing words
  • Trouble in rhyming words or poem.
  • An inability in learning basic skills such as the alphabet, colors, and numeric’s
  • Handwriting and other fine motor skills may under develop
  • B-D confusion
  • Having difficulty in making connection between letters and sounds

Approximately 25 percent individuals having dyslexia also have vulnerability to develop Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).