Cancer of the esophagus is now becoming more common in Europe and North America. It is estimated that almost 7,800 people in the UK are diagnosed each year. The particular causes of this cancer aren’t fully understood. One study shows that ending of drinking may reduce the risk of esophageal cancer, but other studies show that reducing the amount of alcohol consumed to moderate levels rather than complete termination of drinking may associate with lowering of cancer esophageal cancer.

Arslan-Saleem-2Mr. Arslan Saleem has done BS Psychology. He is working as a Psychologist. He has deep interest in Yoga, Breathing Sciences and Meditation and He helped numerous people for recovery from Mental and Physical illness through Yoga and Breathing Exercises.

Editor:  Maryam Shah

The esophagus is a tube that joins the mouth to the stomach those letting foods and liquids to be swallowed. Esophagus also surround by muscles that allow it to contract and drive food and liquid towards the stomach. When cancer cells develop in the tissues of this muscular tube it is called as esophageal cancer which describes when cells that are the line the esophagus change and become malignant then this cell grow out of control and form a tumor. There is two main type of esophageal cancer that are: Squamous cell carcinoma that affects the squamous cells and usually develops within the middle third of esophagus whereas Adenocarcinoma affects the lower third of the esophagus.

Esophageal cancer doesn’t associate with symptoms until it matures large enough to narrow the esophagus and make it difficult for food it passes through it. It means that there is always opportunity and time for cancer to grow outside the esophagus and extent to the nearby tissues or the distant parts of the body before it is discovered


The first symptom of esophageal cancer is every time abnormal swallowing initially there may be trouble swallowing solid foods and when the symptoms become worst problems occurs swallowing liquids as well. Patients will esophageal cancer also suffer unexplained weight loss, bleed and may cause vomiting of blood or blackberry stools. The pain felt in the lower chest, upper abdomen, and chest. Patients also suffer from voice hoarseness due to vocal cord damages caused by reflux of stomach acid into the throat as the tumor grow it may cause nerve damage.