Emotional Intelligence (EI)

Before defining Emotional Intelligence it is necessary to look at the brief history. Wayne Payne introduced emotional intelligence in 1985 in his doctoral thesis; it was the first time for emotional intelligence as an introductory term in a study. Peter Salovey and John D. Mayer (1990) were leading researchers on emotional intelligence. In an article they defined and conceptualized emotional intelligence that it is a division of social intelligence that involves the ability to perceive and evaluate one’s own feelings and emotions as well as the feelings and emotions of others, to discriminate among them and to use this information to guide one’s thinking and actions.

Muhammad-Saghir-1Muhammad Saghir has done Msc in applied psychology. Currently he is doing M.phil in clinical psychology from international Islamic University Islamabad. He has keen interest in research hence he has conducted a research on depression and subsyndromal depression.

Editor: Hameeda Batool

In the beginning of 1900s intelligence or intelligence quotient (IQ) was considered as an effective standard of excellence in every field of life. Hence in those days the controversial debate between the determinants of intelligence was prominent. People were debating about causes of intelligence whether it was linked with genes or it had some association with experiences. But suddenly, a shift was experienced and it brought a new way of thinking about the ingredients of life success. This change led other researchers to synthesize scientific findings to evaluate the different aspects of emotional intelligence for ensuring success in life.


Later on in 1995 the contributions and work of Daniel Goleman popularized emotional intelligence. He developed a book “Emotional Intelligence: why it can matter more than IQ” (Goleman, 1995). Emotional intelligence also refers as abilities to join intelligence, empathy and emotions to enhance and understanding thoughts and interpersonal dynamics. However, there are substantial disagreements in definition of emotional intelligence, its terminology and in operational dynamics. Currently, there are three main models: Ability model, Mixed model and Trait model