Implementation of coping strategies is the most beneficial response in a stressful situation in which a person sometimes fail to control his/her emotions and would not able to maintain mental health and emotional well-being. Life stressors can lead to many negative events (death of a loved one, loss of any materialistic thing or any traumatic event like: divorce and suffering etc). However; positive and effective consequence in life like: (marriage, job, satisfaction, health, wealth and birth would give a person a stable life patterns. Coping methodologies are the behaviors and thinking that you use to adjust in the environment and the positive changes that occur in your life.

Coping Styles:

People use numerous coping methodologies, and some of them are more effective, depending on the nature of the conflicting and tension provoking situation and the person who is implementing them for instance: ways of dealing with the issues, tackling the circumstances intelligently with patience and understanding. Ineffective coping mechanisms may also be applied to stressful scenarios or internal conflicts often unintentionally.

Rabia-ZaidiMiss Rabia Zaidi  is working as a Clinical Psychologist in Willing Ways Karachi. She has graduated from highly reputed College D.A Degree College for Women (DHA) in 2011, after completing a Bachelor of Arts degree in Library & Information Science, Education and Urdu Advance with First Division and a Master’s Degree in Psychology. She is interested in Educational Activities and attended many seminars.

Editor:  Wakeel Murad

Specific Coping Strategies:

These are specific coping strategies:

  • Humor: Finding out the amusing aspects of the problem or positive reframing, is the best cognitive process to deal with small failures.
  • Seeking support: By asking for help or seeking emotional support from close ones or friends can be an optimistic way of maintaining emotional balance during an stressful time period because these foundational supports will give a person to grow effectively.
  • Problem-solving: It is an instrumental coping mechanism that targets to find out the depth of the problem and determine solutions, it is often helpful in work situations.


  • Relaxation: Engaging yourself in relaxing activities or practicing calming techniques so that it really helps to manage stress, anxiety and other restless areas of life.
  • Physical recreation: Regular exercise schedule will makes a person energetic, enthusiastic, lively, efficient, strong mentally and physically, confident, dedicated towards life and other choars; such as: running or team sports is the most beneficial way to handle the stress of given situation. It may involves: yoga, meditating, relaxation of progressive muscles and among other techniques of relaxation.
  • Adjusting expectations: Anticipating various forthcoming outcomes to scenarios in life that may give you the awareness for the stress that has been associated with any given change or event in future.
  • Denial: Avoidance of the issue may lead to ignorance of a problem but the problem even exists. Denial is usually formed by ignoring something intentionally which is being present authentically; such as: excessive alcohol consumption, excessive working, or sleeping more than usual.
  • Self-blame: Internalizing the problem and blaming oneself constantly by not overcoming guilty feelings (beyond just taking responsibility for one’s deeds), leads to low-self esteem and sometimes leads to depression.
  • Venting: A verbal strong expression of outward gesture of emotions, mostly in the company of peers or family members.