Obesity is a multifaceted disorder characterized by accumulation of excessive fat in a body. Obesity is not just a problem of physical outlook but it is a medical condition that negatively affects our body, linked with reduced life expectancy and increased health related issues. Extremely obese persons are most likely to have health related problems such as obstructive sleep apnea, heart disease, type-II diabetes, certain types of cancer and osteoarthritis.

Apparently, sedentary life style or lack of exercise, overeating and genetic vulnerability are common predictors for obesity. Hence dieting and exercising are the basic things that should be incorporated in the management of obesity.

Muhammad-Saghir-1Muhammad Saghir has done Msc in applied psychology. Currently he is doing M.phil in clinical psychology from international Islamic University Islamabad. He has keen interest in research hence he has conducted a research on depression and subsyndromal depression.

Editor: Hameeda Batool

Causes and Management of Obesity


Sweetened beverages such as soft drinks, fruit drinks, iced tea, energy and vitamin water are believed to increase obesity and to an increased risk of metabolic syndrome and type-II diabetes. Mostly obese people constantly under report their food consumption as compared to people of normal weight. Mindful eating based on calorie awareness, awareness about needed food energy for a person and facts about nutrition can help such people to make effective healthy choices. Furthermore, diet quality can be enhanced through reducing the consumption of foods involving high fat and sugars.


Sedentary lifestyle

A sedentary lifestyle is essential for obesity. There is an increase of less physically demanding work environment globally. Because people are more engaged in viewing TV, internet or social media use and relying on technologies, such environmental changes are positively correlated to obesity. Researchers have been investigated that even 2 hours of watching TV leads to obesity.  Statistics showed that 30% of world population is not involved in sufficient exercise because of the mechanical intervention that cut off daily activities. Hence dietary changes, behavior modification and increased physical activity and cutting off some weight can improve obesity and associated the health issues.

Obesity-associated Morbidity

Obesity is linked with various mental and physical problems such as metabolic syndrome including type-II diabetes, high blood pressure and high blood cholesterol. Results investigated that associated fat deposits 64% in males and 77% in females with type-II diabetes.