Loneliness is a human emotion which is unique but compound state of mind and it caused by different factors. Loneliness is described as an strong feeling of social isolation that remains constant in spite of being crowded by many persons. Loneliness is an unpleasant emotional response that propels to isolation or lack of companionship. Loneliness is a feeling of emptiness or worthlessness. One may feel isolated or aloof from the world, person or from self even one may prefer distance from those whom he or she would like to stay connected. Loneliness have different types and degrees such as a vague feeling like something is not right, minor emptiness, intense deprivation, deep pain and even missing significant one or being far away from one’s personal or intimate environment such as home, friends, family members, situations. People might feel emotionally isolated when they are surrounded by people but persistent difficulty in reaching out.

Muhammad-Saghir-1Muhammad Saghir has done Msc in applied psychology. Currently he is doing M.phil in clinical psychology from international Islamic University Islamabad. He has keen interest in research hence he has conducted a research on depression and subsyndromal depression.

Editor: Hameeda Batool

Apparently Loneliness typically involves anxious feelings about emptiness or hollowness and disconnectedness. There are many causes of loneliness such as lack of friendship relations, moving to new situations and physical absence of meaningful people in childhood and adolescence, or also it can be the symptoms of psychological disorder like chronic depression. Breakup, divorce, ends of long term relationships, loss of significant person and withdrawal from social circle all leads to loneliness. In depression a psychological disorder, loneliness is one of the symptom. Loneliness changes the brain in significant ways which contributes to many other problems as well.


Cacioppo and Patrick (2008) stated in  “Loneliness Human Nature and the Need for Social Connection” one of his book that loneliness can impact our stress level, health of heart and immunity, additionally it also can lead to increased alcohol use, lessen physical activity, fatigue all the day, lack of sleep and various biological impairments such as disrupted cellular processes predisposing premature aging. 

 Loneliness is further divided into many types.

Feeling lonely and being socially isolated

There is significant difference between feeling lonely and solitude. Loneliness is about the discrepancy between one’s desired and achieved social interactions, although solitude is the lack of contact to people.