You are what you eat. This proverb is true for physical appearance. You are what you think precisely encircles our whole picture as an individual. We all at least to some extent, have the capacity to behave situational. Out thinking styles allow us to draw favorable conclusion in any given situation. There are five major thinking styles which sum up the cognitive niche of human beings. In variation all the individuals carry some part of each style. According to research conducted by Duke University only 4% of the people truly represent the characteristic of any particular thinking style. These are as follows:-

  • The Composites
  • The Analyst
  • The Idealist
  • The Realist
  • The Meddlers

M.Nadeem PashaM Nadeem Pasha is presently working as a clinical psychologist at Willing Ways, Lahore. He completed his Masters Degree in Applied Psychology from University of Punjab, Lahore. He has acquired his clinical training from one of the honored institutes in Lahore including General Hospital, Mayo Hospital and Fountain House, during which time he conducted detailed assessment sessions with clients of different psychological disorders.

Editor: Hameed Batool

The Composites: Composites, their believe is based on a view that there is no basic agreement among people about facts, what is important are the conclusions that individuals make from the data they get, and how they feel about it. The true composites believe that for people to agree about on something, they must first track the subject to some basic value they both acknowledge. It is true that it is a time consuming process, which will bore other people. Composites are by nature good debaters. They argue excessively. Their motive is not to win the discussion, but for the simple fun of arguing. They tend to be challenging people, curious, restless and creative. Motivated to understand, but at times can be negative and disruptive, argumentative as they try to integrate different perspective.


The Idealist: Idealist orientation is based on that; people can agree about anything if their different views are summed up for a common goal or a mutual idea. They often talk about goals and higher values. Always open to alternatives or suggestions for action. Welcome and receptive to many differing views. Their inflexibility arises from an event; the agreement for a plan of action must have high standers. They tend to expect much of themselves and of others. On the same page very supportive and helpful to others. Nurses, teachers and social works tend to have strong idealist orientations.

The Meddlers: The main concern of meddlers is to getting on with the job. They want to feel active and busy. As planners they advocate an uncertain view, the main element of which is “it all depends”. They are impatient with complex analyses and theorizing over the relationship of particular activities to distant goals. In routine meddlers are likely to be good at knowing what people will buy. They have high tolerance for ambiguity. They require less structure and predictability than rest of other people. They only sure about the present situations and believe in what can be done right now is all that is required to move on.

The Analyst: They are straight-line thinkers. Once their thought process is activated on a line, it is very hard for than to stop, even if the fact of contrary evidence. Probably this quality is their great strength and weakness as well. They view world from orderly, logical and rational point of view. Analysts are likely to have mathematical inclination. They look so hard for logical solutions. They believe things will only work out if we precede them carefully and methodically. They have the tendencies to be stubborn, dogmatic and compulsive detail oriented.

The Realist: Their world view is empirical based. They are quite the opposite of composites. They want to achieve concrete results. Because they are forceful, hard-driving people, they tend to be impatient with high analyst. To realists whatever can be seen, felt heard and experienced is vividly real. There are two distinct classes of what are called thoughts: those that we produce in ourselves by reflection and the act of thinking and those that bolt into the mind of their own accord. (Thomas Paine)