Being a teenager is not only fun but it’s also a tough phase of life when a teenager struggle with so many things like school, friends, relationships and many more. With that a teenager may feel overwhelmed about certain phobia. A phobia is defined as a normal fear that has gotten out of control. The major contributors to phobia development include genetics, cultural factors and life experiences.
It is found that certain phobias are diagnosed in family history while some occur due to cultural factors like fear of offending and harming others. Life experiences also some time results in phobia like if you ever had a bad experience in roller coaster, than that fear can result in settling down in your personality forever and won’t let you enjoy in your future life, so this and other alike fears must be addressed well before time. Another example that we see in our surroundings is a childhood bullying, that usually is not addressed in time and the victim faces its bad effects later in life.
There are basically three Types of phobias:
1. Social Phobia
A teenager may face shyness and awkwardness in social gatherings and when communicating with strangers, specifically with opposite gender. They are usually very possessive about their appearance and worry much whether people find them attractive or not. If such feelings results in reduced social interaction than that’s an alarming situation especially if it’s occurring for 6 months and more. An appropriate measure involves consulting a psychologist at your earliest and treatment involves some therapies and medication.
It is a high intensity fear that brings a teenager to a feeling that he is alone in a certain situation and results in getting hit by a panic attack. Such attacks are actually daunting and its victim shows concern and may faint, face a heart attack or even die. Many teens face such situation when in school and thus they are found avoiding crowded places like the library or canteen. Even in social gatherings such teens are fearful that they might act abnormal resulting in messing up the event.
3. Specific Phobia
Specific fear is a high intensity fear and could be of anything. For example it could be of taking an injection, fear to visit a friend who has pets, or hiding somewhere in house when there is cloudburst. As a normal human being we all are scared of something but if that fear prevails and effects our normal functioning than it’s time to consult your doctor.
Common Symptoms of Phobia’s
Although the symptoms varies from phobias to phobias but some common ones are as follows: Terror, an irresistible fear arousing from a certain situation or from a certain object. Physical Symptoms, includes palpitations, shakiness and dizziness. An Obsessive Though doesn’t let your mind get over the fear. Longing to run away is what the victim always look forward to. Lastly Anticipatory Anxiety keeps the mind preoccupied with the upcoming events having the element of phobia from an object or the event itself.
Treatment of Phobia’s
According to the researches there is not one single factor that contributes in phobia’s development rather it’s a combination including the brain chemistry, learned behaviour, environment and genetics. Mainly there are two ways to treat phobias: One through medication and other through therapy
Medication focuses on the brain chemistry as well the genetic factors. Currently there are multiple type of medication that is prescribed for the treatment of phobia. Therapy part focuses on learned behaviors and environmental factors. According to this model there is always a stimulus that leads to a learned response. If that response is unlearned by normal reactions than there is a high possibility that the phobia can be controlled.