Posttraumatic stress disorder also known as battle fatigue syndrome or shell shock, it is a severe state that can build up after a person has experienced or eye witnessed a traumatic or petrifying event in which grave physical harm happened or was in danger. PTSD is a long-standing outcome of traumatic suffering that cause intense fright, helplessness, horror or panic, such as a sexual or physical assault, the unpredicted death of a near and dear one, a horrifying accident, natural disaster or war. Families of victims can also have PTSD, so is emergency workforce and rescue workers.

Salma BasharatSalma Basharat has completed her MSC in Behavioral Sciences from Fatima Jinnah Women University After completing BSC in Botany, Zoology and Psychology. She did her 6 weeks internship in psychiatric ward of Benazir Bhutto hospital. Her areas of interest are mainly relationship counseling and addiction counseling. She is working with indoor as well as outdoor patients simultaneously with the aim of making difference in someone`s life and committed to the well being and restoration of her clients.

Editor: Samreen Masaud

Many of the obstacles and disabilities related with long term PTSD may be prohibited by commencing assessment and treatment right away after the traumatic event, before a diagnosis of PTSD can be made. Educating the patient about the disorder and providing social support are important preliminary interventions to connect with the patient and alleviate the impact of the traumatic event.Even though PTSD is a devastating anxiety disorder that may cause major distress and increased use of health resources, but most of the times it’s undiagnosed. The emotional and physical signs and symptoms of PTSD take place in three clusters: experiencing the trauma again and again, noticeable avoidance of normal activities, and increased indication of arousal. Before a patient diagnosed with PTSD, the patient’s symptoms must considerably interrupt usual activities and stays for more than one month. Roughly 80 percent of patients with PTSD have at least one co-occurring psychiatric disorder. The most recurrent co morbid disorders comprise depression, anxiety disorder and drug abuse. Treatment needs a multidimensional strategy, which includes extensive patient education, psychopharmacology and CBT.


Here are some self help practices that you can do to help yourself:

  • Work out and Exercise: it is well known facts that exercise can make you feel healthier, both psychologically and physically. A new research proposes that by actually focusing on your body and how it feels as you work out can really help your nervous system become “loose” and move out of the halt stress reaction. Any exercise which help you move both your arms and legs—for example  dancing, running, swimming or walking—will actually help you if, instead of continuing to concentrate on your thoughts, you concentrate on how your body feels when you exercise. Try to become aware of the sensation of your feet striking the ground, or the tempo of your breathing, or the feeling of the wind on your face.
  • Connect With Others:
    Before you’re about to sit down to talk to a friend or relative, allowing yourself some time to walk or exercise. As well as soothing you when you’re feeling anxious, physical activity can also unlock your nervous system’s pathway to social commitment. If exercising isn’t realistic, find a quiet place and take a only some minutes before you meet up your friend to move about, jump up and down, swing your arms —in other words, wave around like you did as a young kid. It may sound strange, but vocal matching is also a great way to open up your nervous system to social meeting.