The way of decision-making varies among people due to diversity of different kinds of exposure people have. Each decision-making process has its advantages and its disadvantages. Different styles of decision-making are used in different situations.

The simplest definition of decision-making is the process when you choose between two or more than two courses of action. The process of problem solving involves decision-making when you choose between any possible solutions for a given problem. These decisions may be made either through intuition or reasoning process or even a combination of both. Intuition is the process in which one uses their gut feeling about the possible course of action. Reasoning is the process in which facts and figures are used for making decisions.


Haleema-NoonHalima Noon is currently working at Willing Ways as a clinical psychologist. She has done her MS in Clinical and Counseling Psychology from Beaconhouse National University, Lahore. Her published MS thesis includes current trends of materialistic values and compulsive buying among young adults. She is a Certified Reiki Practitioner from Ijaz Psychiatric Institute. Halima is also an artist by profession. She is an equestrian artist and uses watercolor as her favourite medium.

Editor: Halima Noon


Complicated decisions may require formal and structured approaches which involve the intuitive as well as reasoned process. However, one must be vary of reacting impulsively to a particular situation.

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Effective Decision-Making

A number of problems may exist that may prevent one’s effective decision-making. These may include:

1. Not Enough Information
If insufficient information is present, then the decision should not be made without any basis. Gather necessary data for making your decision. If necessary, one should prioritise their process of gathering information by identifying the most important information.

2. Too Much Information
This is also known as analysis paralysis. It is used as a tactic for delaying decision-making in the organisational sector. This can be solved by deciding which information is important and by setting a clearer timescale.

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