Wet brain is a kind of brain damage. Other names for wet brain syndrome are beri-beri, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, Korsakoff’s psychosis, and Wernicke’s encephalopathy. Wet brain is another way of explaining a condition called Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. People with end stage alcoholism might have to deal with this type of dementia. If wet brain is not managed in time and allowed to progress out of hand, it is likely impossible to come back from it. If wet brain syndrome is left Untreated it will always lead to death.

It is known to be caused by an absence in vitamin B1 (thiamine).Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome has no direct links with consuming large amount of alcohol. On the other hand it occurs due to unhealthy lifestyle of the alcoholic where good nutrition is not provided to the body. The individual will have unhealthy dietary habits which are observed over a long time which will eventually lead to nutritional deficiencies. Absence of Thiamine in the diet disturbs with glucose metabolism, which can cause a condition called atrophy in the brain. Wernicke’s encephalopathy happens because of the damage to the areas like thalamus and hypothalamus. Korsakoff psychosis is due to the damage to the parts of the brain which are assigned the duty of managing memories.

Salma-Basharat3Salma Basharat has completed her MSC in Behavioral Sciences from Fatima Jinnah Women University After completing BSC in Botany, Zoology and Psychology. She did her 6 weeks internship in psychiatric ward of Benazir Bhutto hospital. Her areas of interest are mainly relationship counseling and addiction counseling.She is working with indoor as well as outdoor patients simultaneously with the aim of making difference in someone`s life and committed to the well being and restoration of her clients, facilitating them to evolve in a more tender way.

Editor: Itrat Zehra

Wet brain doesn’t take time to occur, it’s usually sudden and very damaging. Medically speaking, wet brain is caused by insertion of large number of glucose to the brain which is already suffering from thiamin-deficiency. Glucose is one of the vital chemicals outcomes when alcohol which happens to sugar rich is broken down inside our bodies.


Wet brain syndrome occurs in two primary phases. The first phase which occurs is known as Wernicke’s encephalopathy. This is a short term and extreme lack of vitamin B1 in the brain. At this phase, wet brain symptoms and damage can be reversed by again introducing thiamine, usually through IV injections. A person who suffers from this phase and receives these injections can still return to normal life. The second phase is known as Korsakoff’s psychosis. This phase is mostly not reversible. It’s this phase, Korsakoff’s psychosis that the vitamin deficiency occurs and a sudden, extreme intake of glucose happens.