Withdrawals and Progression of Disease Addiction

There are many disease from which a person can suffer.  They can be either physical or psychological, but the disease of addiction lies somewhere in between with both components.  However nobody ever tends to fall into the trap of addiction. Despite being completely aware of the risks, people tend to believe that they will be able to maintain control and will for sure stop before the point of becoming addicted. Addiction can be defined as obsessive thinking and compulsive need for drugs, alcohol, food, sex or anything despite the resulting harmful consequences. It includes the development of tolerance which is combined with withdrawal symptoms.

Fariha Naz11Ms. Fariha Naz had served as a trainee clinical psychologist in Psychiatry Department of Jinnah hospital and Mayo Hospital Lahore. These training periods included assessment and management of psychological disorders. In Mayo Hospital she worked in play settings, where she worked on psychological testing. During her training period she consulted books of psychiatry for getting extensive knowledge on medicine for psychiatric patients. She has also conducted workshop on stress management.

Editor:Ms. Hameeda Batool

In addition to tolerance, an addict or alcoholic will experience intense physical cravings for the drug and an emotional obsession to take alcohol or drugs regardless of the consequences. Addiction develops over time and usually begins with misuse, moving toward abuse and resulting in addiction. When a person starts using drug, alcohol or any substance, he is not aware of the harmful consequences, because he used to keep himself in denial. He will try to justify his drug with some excuse.


Substances and different type of drugs will have different withdrawal symptoms along with timeline. It heavily depends upon how they interact with the brain and bodily functions. Drugs remain active in the body for different amount of time. If we look at the severity and duration of withdrawal, it is influenced by the level of dependency on the substance and many other factors such as length of time abusing the substance, type of substance, method of use, quantity being used, if the family has drug history or genetic makeup and medical, mental health factors.